Disarmament[ edit ] Japan’s postwar constitution , adopted under Allied supervision, included a “Peace Clause”, Article 9 , which renounced war and banned Japan from maintaining any armed forces. This clause was not imposed by the Allies: During the Korean War, US forces largely withdrew from Japan to redeploy to South Korea, leaving the country almost totally defenseless. As a result, a new National Police Reserve armed with military-grade weaponry was created. In , the Japan Self-Defense Forces were founded as a full-scale military in all but name. To avoid breaking the constitutional prohibition on military force, they were officially founded as an extension to the police force. Prime Ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe , among others, have tried to repeal or amend the clause.
Dating occupied japan mark
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Made in Occupied Japan dating it to the ‘s. Miniature Seated Southern Belle Porcelain Figurine 3 1/4 inches tall Occupied Japan. by Occupied Japan. $ (1 used offer) Miniature Porcelain Statesman Man Figurine 4 inches tall Occupied Japan. by Occupied Japan. $ (1 used offer).
Unique Slide Rule Company Dating a slide rule becomes difficult if a manufacturer did not imprinting a date code or serial number on the stock. Even then, some manufacturers recycled their serial numbers over time, and the stock could have been left on a shelf for a period of time before the slide rule was assembled and shipped. Catalogs are an excellent indication of when a model was produced or discontinued.
Sometimes the copyright date in a manual is used to determine the approximate age, but one printing could span several decades. Dates that a design was registered or patented only suggests an approximate year a model may have been first produced, as the model may have been distributed a year or more before issuance patent pending. The patent may only refer to a certain combination of scales used over a thirty year time on different models.
Having contact with the original owner of a slide rule that remembers the year it was purchased helps on determining the age. Other Slide Rule dates are currently in development. Assistance in this effort will be appreciated. Please refer to the museum library and individual galleries as this page is being built. The following time-line, researched by Denise M. All these firms produced slide rules under their name as well as their primary business of drafting supplies: He becomes their Midwest sales rep.
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Although four different marks were used on cups and saucers during this time (“Japan,” “Made in Japan,” “Occupied Japan,” and “Made in Occupied Japan”), only the last two marks guarantee the pieces were made in the Occupied Japan timeframe. For serious Occupied Japan collectors, it is items with these two marks for which they search.
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Prehistoric Japan Pre-Ceramic culture It is not known when humans first settled on the Japanese archipelago. It was long believed that there was no Paleolithic occupation in Japan, but since World War II thousands of sites have been unearthed throughout the country, yielding a wide variety of Paleolithic tools. These include both core tools , made by chipping away the surface of a stone, and flake tools , made by working with a stone flake broken off from a larger piece of stone.
There is little doubt that the people who used these implements moved to Japan from the Asian continent.
– – The occupation of Japan by the U.S. began in September but no items reached the U.S. from Japan until around August All imports from Japan up till had to be stamped “Occupied Japan” or “Made in Occupied Japan”.
They are not Japanese citizens, and almost all of them are foreigner short-term residents. Jewish history in Japan[ edit ] Early settlements[ edit ] It was not until the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry following the Convention of Kanagawa and the end of Japan’s “closed-door” foreign policy that Jewish families began to settle in Japan. The first recorded Jewish settlers arrived at Yokohama in By , this community, which by then consisted of about 50 families, established the first synagogue in Japan.
Another early Jewish settlement was one established in the s in Nagasaki , a large Japanese port city opened to foreign trade by the Portuguese. This community was larger than the one in Yokohama, consisting of more than families.
Occupation of Japan
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`Made In Occupied Japan’ Mark Determines Item’s Value America occupied Japan from August until April 28, dating from the late s or early s. What is the value of my lamps.
Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia.
In Chinese, we get various ways of referring to India. The modern form, , renders the name phonetically with characters of no particular semantic significance “print, stamp, or seal” and “a rule, law, measure, degree”. The older practice, however, was dedicated characters that might have a larger meaning. Thus, we get or , in which can be a kind of bamboo but otherwise is just used for India.
Made in Occupied Japan Makers’ Marks
Common theories include the increased power of the United States following development of the atomic bomb , Truman’s greater distrust of the Soviet Union when compared with Roosevelt, and an increased desire to restrict Soviet influence in East Asia after the Yalta Conference. However, unlike the Soviet occupations of East Germany and North Korea , these plans were frustrated by Truman’s opposition. Even with these measures, millions of people were still on the brink of starvation for several years after the surrender.
From April , in the guise of Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia , private relief organizations were also permitted to provide relief. Once the food network was in place MacArthur set out to win the support of Hirohito.
Backstamps and identifying marks for Japanese collectibles. H ome I dentifying marks U kiyo-e censor ceals T ime Warped News J apanese Pottery Marks A dventure Story M y Philosophy L inks B ibliography. OCCUPIED JAPAN FANCY CHINA SAJI (black, blue, purple) Unspecified: Saji Trading Co. Ltd. Occupied Japan.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Economic transformation The Korean War marked the turn from economic depression to recovery for Japan. As the staging area for the United Nations forces on the Korean peninsula, Japan profited indirectly from the war, as valuable procurement orders for goods and services were assigned to Japanese suppliers. The Japanese economy at the return of independence in was in the process of growth and change. Sustained prosperity and high annual growth rates, which averaged 10 percent in —60 and later climbed to more than 13 percent, changed all sectors of Japanese life.
The countryside, where farmers had benefited from land reform , began to feel the effects of small-scale mechanization and a continuous migration to industrial centres. Agricultural yields rose as improved strains of crops and modern technology were introduced, as household appliances appeared in remote villages, and as the changing patterns of urban food consumption provided an expanded market for cash crops, fruits and vegetables, and meat products.
Efforts to control population growth, which had begun with the legalization of abortion in and included a national campaign to encourage family planning , showed considerable success, as the population stabilized and thereafter grew slowly. Gains in economic output, therefore, were not offset by a rapidly expanding population, and steady industrial growth brought full employment and even labour shortages. Two elements underscored rapid growth in the s.
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Dating, Democracy, and Romance in Occupied Japan, –″ Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 19, No. 3 (SEPTEMBER ), pp. Raymo, J. M. (). Educational Attainment and the Transition to First Marriage Among Japanese Women.
Although four different marks were used on cups and saucers during this time “Japan,” “Made in Japan,” “Occupied Japan,” and “Made in Occupied Japan” , only the last two marks guarantee the pieces were made in the Occupied Japan timeframe. For serious Occupied Japan collectors, it is items with these two marks for which they search. Although several excellent books are available on Occupied Japan collectibles, all contain limited photos of cups and saucers, which is what I collect.
And only a few of these pictures show multiple angles of the cups and saucers, or list the name or the identifying marks of the company making the pieces. Because I am not an expert in Occupied Japan collectibles just an avid collector , I really don’t know what the value is for different pieces. What I do is check in the resource books to get a price range, and then I use eBay Occupied Japan section to see what people are willing to pay.
As my own collection has grown over the last few years, I found myself unable to remember which patterns I already had. To refresh my memory and keep me from unintentionally purchasing duplicates , I started taking pictures of my cups and saucers. I’ve tried to show the cups and saucers in various angles to better identify the patterns on each. I’ve also photographed the manufacturer’s marks for these pieces.
Using the links in the lists below, you can view the pictures I’ve taken.
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Beginning in , U.S. Customs required country names to be in English, and the word “Japan” was used instead of “Nippon.” Items marked “Made in Occupied Japan” were made between February and April After that, just the word “Japan” was used again.
Almost all of them are not Japanese citizens, and almost all of them are foreigner short-term residents a kind of gaijin. There were 5 merchant communities, scattered on Honshu and Shikoku. By , through displacement and assimilation, there were only 2 main communities that were identifiable as Jewish, in Kansai. Remaining in Nagasaki, some of them reverted to Judaism, even reclaiming their family names notably a Levite.
In , the community then consisting of at least 3 permanent families, was displaced by the Shimazu forces. The Jews of Settsu absorbed some of them into its own community at the time, a population of over Jews , while a minority left or died. There is a plaque at Gokokuji Jinja Naha. In , Pogrom refugees from Russia and Poland moved to the port of Nagasaki; these were the first Jews in Nagasaki since around
Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors
Q — I recently found a pair of figural lamps in my basement. One consists of a peasant girl and the other a peasant boy. The girl appears to be dancing, the boy is playing a horn.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth. Unlike in the occupation of Germany, the Soviet Union was allowed little to no influence over Japan.
Before ,goods exporated to America did not have to be stamped with their country of origin in English. Japanese ceramics usually had no backstamps, or they had artists or their patrons names in Japanese characters. However, not all were stamped that way. They were consistenly of better quality and most beautifully decorated, and today they are very avidly collected and are priced accordingly!
Noritake Art Deco pieces generally are priced higher than similar Made in Japan pieces. Customs Bureau ruled that “Nippon” was no longer an acceptable synonym.